If you allow these to take control, you can end up with a situation where unless you have sufficient memory installed every other program slows down to be unusable.
Top Windows XP questions and answers
The reason for this is that all of these programs use a portion of the system memory and resources which leaves a smaller percentage for other programs once they're opened. For example, if you regularly take part in online gaming or do a lot of graphics or video editing then resources and memory are normally at a premium.
Examples of programs that use up part of system memory and aren't really required for most users are:.
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Before we can prevent these programs from running at start-up and therefore using up system resources we have to identify them. There are a number of methods that can be used and we will accept new entries to the database from any of these. Specific details are provided for some of them below and the operating systems they apply to. All of these can also be used to disable programs from starting and are included in the appropriate section below.
Click on any of the thumbnails shown below and they will open full-size in another window. Autoruns is a free utility developed by SysInternals and has now been taken under the Microsoft TechNet umbrella. With older versions of Autoruns you could also export the output as a text file - but unfortunately this option is no longer available. If you right-click on an entry and select Jump to For example, if the registry editor is opened you will see a list of items and the 2 columns we're interested in are Name and Data.
To use it to identify start-up programs do the following:. Note that you can expand the width of each column by holding down the left mouse button with the cursor on the vertical line between the column headings and then dragging the mouse either left or right before releasing. You can also double-click on the vertical line between two column headings to maximize the column width. Unfortunately, although the Startup type states whether an entry loads via a startup folder or the registry it doesn't indicate the exact loading point - which is why we recommend Autoruns. Note: You may also see some entries with a small arrow before the Name and a number in.
This indicates that the entry loads other daughter processes which would not appear in Autoruns under the "Logon" tab. Left click on the arrow by the name and you'll see 2 sub-entries, the first one being a repeat of the Delayed Launcher one and the second being the actual IAStorIcon. Note that with all of these you can expand the width of each column by holding down the left mouse button with the cursor on the vertical line between the column headings and then dragging the mouse either left or right before releasing. Until the introduction of Windows 7, Microsoft recommended using Windows Defender or the registry on systems running Vista or XP for controlling which programs run when your computer starts.
This utility is included by default with Vista and can be downloaded for XP from here. Previously on this page we've suggested using the excellent HijackThis originally by Merijn Bellekom but now available on SourceForge. There is still a tutorial available and we're interested in the O4 and F0-F3 sections. Naming conventions: The same start-up program can be listed differently depending upon which method you use from those above and which operating system you have. Take the example for the file "fpassist.
From the example above, it may look like Vista's MSConfig and Windows Defender use the same information but they don't. Have a look at the entry for sidebar. Therefore, a single program could have as many as 4 different entries in the database. As XP uses the first part of the filename and some of these are fairly common this will only be included if it's unique.
Take the filename update. In the database there are a number of entries, a few of which are in the U or Y category. In this case the same description would have to cover all possibilities - which is not really feasible. This displays some startup programs AND other background tasks and "Services". These pages are concerned with startup programs from the common startup locations shown above ONLY. Please do not submit entries collected from this method as they will not be used.
An example would be "svchost. If in doubt, don't do anything. We fully understand that some programs "Services" as an alternative to load their component parts at startup but we don't currently have the time available to include these as well. We recommend you try the following sites for information on services for the relevant operating system:. Malware: Entries in the program list attributed to malware are only shown using the registry version which is common to all Windows versions. Otherwise there would be multiple entries for popular filenames that malware often uses - such as "svchost" for example.
Windows XP Help and Support
After identifying an entry and checking with the database , decide whether you want to prevent it from running at start-up or not. For example, if the entry is related to your anti-virus protection software, part of an application that won't run correctly without it or part of a program that you use all the time then you want to leave it enabled. Otherwise, you can probably leave them disabled and use the shortcut in the start menu or on the desktop and if necessary, create your own. If, after checking the database, an entry appears to be virus, spyware or otherwise malware related, check it with your security software first as it may be able to remove it.
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If you are suspicious and your security software doesn't pick up anything, look at the filename and the entry in the registry in particular. Filenames can be the same as real system files but in a different location , very similar or random. Entries under the Name column in the registry will often appear to be valid and be particularly suspicious if a system file appears there under the Data column. Finally, if your still suspicious try an on-line or on-demand scanner such as those from VirusTotal , Bitdefender or Trend Micro.
A number of methods can be prevent programs from running at startup. What these are how you use them is described here. Our recommendations are that you try each of the methods listed below in that order. Each method has an indication of which Windows operating system it is applicable to. The best method is to check if a program gives you an option to disable the function you're interested in - via a right-click on a System Tray icon or maybe an "options" menu within the program.
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The computer has no sound and when you open the Sounds and Audio Device Properties window from Control Panel the audio features are unavailable and the text "No audio Device" is shown. Use the following steps to enable sound and remove the message:. Figure : No Audio Device. Step 1: Enabling the Windows Audio Service Installing sound related software or software updates can disable the audio service.
In some cases, the Windows Audio Service may not re-enable itself automatically. This cause is probably the most common reason for this type of sound failure.
Windows XP help and support
Use the following steps to verify if this is the case and manually enable the service if needed. This video shows how to enable Windows Audio Service. Click Start , Run , and enter services. Right-click Windows Audio and select Properties. Figure : Windows Audio Properties selection.
Select Automatic if available from the Startup type dropdown list, and click Start if available to start the audio service.